Sweet Lorraine

To become a Dark Lord is no easy thing. The simple ambition to hold dominion over the world and bend all to your will sounds straightforward but it's not.

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They had many powerful warriors, and after defeating them, David enlisted some of their soldiers as his elite guard. Q: In 1 Sam , what do we know about the Philistine idol named Dagon? A: Baal was said to be the son of Dagon in the Ugaritic religion. The Babylonians as well as the Philistines worshipped Dagon.

Samuel the Prophet Part 1 - Samuel the Prophet Chapters 1 & 2

Dagon was worshipped in Canaan prior to both the Israelites and Philistines, and as late as B. See the Wycliffe Bible Dictionary p. It used to be thought that Dagon was a fish-God, from the word dag for fish, but now scholars believe he was a grain god, from dagan , for grain. Q: In 1 Sam , what is so poetic about this passage? A: This is the only in this place that the writer introduces the term "hand of the Lord". A: There is some uncertainty on the meaning of this Hebrew word. It probably means tumors, though it could also have meant hemorrhoids.

Q: In 1 Sam , was the advice of the Philistine priests and diviners correct? A: It was not necessarily correct because they understood all about the True God. However, it was correct, as God "made it correct". Given their imperfect knowledge of God, the Lord accepted their sacrifice and turned the plague away from them.

Q: In 1 Sam , could idol priests give correct advice about what the true God desires? A: In general, no. But certainly they could get a few things correct. Ancient people had the idea that they should not approach a deity empty-handed, and the Old Testament has a similar principle. A: These were two female cows that had young and were giving milk.

A: A coffer here is a box. Often the term coffer refers to a money box. In this case, the coffer did not contain money per se, but it contained gold. A: In this particular case, God allowed their simple method to work. However, do not go out and buy two cows just yet, because nothing in this verse suggests that this is a pattern believers should follow. In general, a problem with using oxen, coin tosses, or similar methods is that they will always seem to work.

What if God did not want to answer? What if God wanted you to use your own judgment, and for better or for worse, decide, based what was in your heart? There is no way for God to "pass" on answering with these methods. Q: In 1 Sam , were the Philistines right to think that it could have happened by chance? What is chance?

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According to scientists and mathematicians, with two possible exceptions, they have never observed any truly random event that had no cause. One possible exception is radioactive decay, about which we know very little. A second possible exception, from an atheistic perspective, is the origin of the universe. When people commonly say "chance events" they really mean what mathematicians call "chaotic events". Chaotic events are such that an observer cannot predict the outcome, except by observing the outcome. Small changes in input conditions can mean large changes in output conditions.

Many things are chaotic, in that within predictable bounds they are unpredictable. God is uncreated and the first cause, and we know of thing that could begin with no cause whatsoever. Though Beth-Shemesh was far from Philistia proper, it was still under Philistine influence. Archaeologists have found numerous Philistine artifacts from Beth-Shemesh from this time. Perhaps the Philistines did not mind Israelites under their influence to have it, but they did not want to give it back to the Ephraimites. Q: In 1 Sam , who were the five lords of the Philistines?

A: The Philistines had a rather unique method of rule. Instead of one king or ruler, and instead of separate little petty states, their were five essentially "governors" over each of the five principle cities and their surrounding towns and regions. These five rulers decided things together. Millennia later, the Romans briefly had a similar system with a triumvirate of three rulers who had Supreme authority in the Roman Empire. A: On a physical level, it was because they looked inside the ark. God was not "required" to kill everyone who looked into the ark, even if they were forced against their will to do so.

Rather, on a deeper level, God killed those Israelites because they had such a low respect for the holiness of God that they looked inside of the Ark of the Covenant. Q: In 1 Sam , does the Hebrew say 50,, or 70? A: Most Hebrew manuscripts have 50,, and a few Hebrew manuscripts have Scholars disagree as to which was the original number. Gleason Archer in Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties p. Archer points out that neither pattern is followed in the translation "70 man 50, man".

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Archer also mentions that textual errors are more frequent in 1 Samuel than in any other Old Testament book. A few Hebrew manuscripts do not have 50,, and Josephus in Antiquities of the Jews 6. The Expositor's Bible Commentary p. See also When Critics Ask p. The Hebrew does not necessarily mean males, but can refer to men and women.

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  8. While the New Bible Dictionary p. An estimate of the population of both the town and surrounding farms is only 20, people. The number here is not necessarily 50, but only 70, or possibly 1, See the previous question for the arguments pro and con for this point.

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    If it was in fact 50, people, this number would undoubtedly include people who came from other towns to gawk at the ark. See Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties p. Q: In 1 Sam , why did Samuel tell the Israelites to put away the foreign gods among them? A: This verse alludes to a sad fact. Many among the Israelites were still worshipping other gods. A: No, because it was not recorded that the Philistines were massively defeated with great loss of life.

    Furthermore, the result of the battle was not that the Israelites conquered the Philistines, but that the Israelites had freedom from the Philistines for a period of time. Sometimes a general chooses to retreat prior to their being great losses. Q: In 1 Sam , did the Philistines no longer occupy the territory of Israel, or did they continue to fight later in Samuel? A: Two points to consider in the answer. At that time, the Philistines did not either occupy Israel or fight the Israelites. Regardless of whether one interprets 1 Samuel to mean the time after the battle, or from that time on, it is an accurate statement.

    A: Three points to consider in the answer. It does not say that all the Philistine cities were given to Israel. It does not necessarily mean that Ekron and Gath were given to Israel. Indeed, it is most probable that those two cities remained in Philistine hands. Rather, the smaller towns between Ekron and Gath, that the Israelites at one time occupied, were returned to Israel.

    The New Bible Dictionary p. Q: In 1 Sam , why did Samuel make his evil sons judges over Israel? A: His sons were lovers of money and bribes. A: 1 Samuel uses an interesting Hebrew literary device called a chiasm. The Expositor's Bible Commentary says that this chiasm is unusual, in that each even topic reverses the speaker of the previous topic.

    Here is the analysis from The Expositor's Bible Commentary vol. Other chiasms in the 1 Samuel are in ; ; , and Q: In 1 Sam , why did God dislike their asking for a king? A: Deuteronomy shows that God planned they would eventually have a king. However, in 1 Samuel , God disliked their motive for asking. They asked because they did not want God to rule them directly and they wanted to be like the other nations, as 1 Samuel shows. A king could effectively muster the army and lead them in battle. However, God knew that kings have a habit of considering the kingdom to be theirs, and people can tend to live to serve the king more than the One, True King of all Creation.

    While scripture does not say hypothetically what would have happened if they had not asked, perhaps God would have given the people David as the first king of the unified land instead of Saul See Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties p.

    Westminster Bible Companion: First and Second Samuel

    Q: In 1 Sam , why did God say the king would have chariots and horses, since Dt says the king should not have chariots and horses? A: God was not saying what he desired, but rather prophesying how the kings they asked for would oppress the people, as 1 Samuel shows. A: We do not know all of God's counsel, but the faith of one person is not a substitute for the faith of another.

    One question we can wonder about though, is why were Gideon's brothers at Tabor instead of in the army with Gideon? Q: In 1 Sam ,18, how did Saul not recognize a famous person like Samuel? A: Remember, this is in the days before photographs, TV, and printing presses. Saul and his servant definitely had known of Samuel, according to 1 Samuel However, they had never met him before, and so they had never seen his face, and it would not be expected that they would recognize him.

    Q: In 1 Sam , was Saul just being falsely modest to say that he was from the smallest clan from the smallest tribe of Israel? A: Saul was from the smallest tribe, Benjamin. We cannot verify whether he was from the smallest clan or not. There are four points to consider in the answer.

    Anointing in private occurred in 1 Samuel Public proclamation and acceptance as king occurred in 1 Samuel Lacking from this passage is any mention of Saul being anointed, as kings were. This is because he was already privately anointed in 1 Samuel The same pattern occurred with both Saul and David becoming king. Q: In 1 Sam , was Saul chosen by lot, chosen by the people in 1 Sam , or chosen by God in 1 Sam ; ? A: All of the above are true. Primarily, God chose Saul. Once this was done, all the people approved, with a few exceptions noted in 1 Samuel Q: In 1 Sam ; what are these instruments?

    A: We are not sure. The NIV translates this as "lyres and tambourines". The NKJV translates this as "stringed instruments and tambourines". Q: In 1 Sam ,12, why did Saul prophesy, since Saul later turned evil? A: The giving of the Spirit, and the giving of prophecy were different in Old Testament times than New Testament times. A: Scripture does not say, but we can speculate on a couple of reasons. Saul perhaps thought his uncle would not believe him. After all, at this point there was no proof that all of Israel would accept Saul as king.

    This number is considerably less than the census after the Exodus. However, 1 Samuel did not say that Saul was successful in mustering every single able-bodied man. The Ammonites understood what the Gileadites were doing and even agreed to give them seven days to ask for reinforcements in verse 3. By doing this, the Ammonites thought they would have them as servants without having to fight.

    The Gileadites said they would "come out" tomorrow, hoping they could trust Saul, but knowing their seven days were up. It can mean "attack" as well as "surrender". Q: In 1 Sam , who is Bedan? X Bedan might have been some one who was not documented as a judge anywhere else.

    However, while nothing in scripture prevents this, this view is highly unlikely. Manuscripts of 1 Samuel have more typographical errors than most Old Testament books, and it is likely that this is a typographical error. It also would be somewhat strange for Samuel to remind the people of an obscure judge they never heard of, so the people probably heard of the person here. If the person was famous enough for the people to have all remembered him, it would be likely he was mentioned in the history in the book of Judges. Barak in Judges was the judge intended here. The Expositor's Bible Dictionary vol.

    Abdon in Judges and 1 Chronicles was intended here. One helpful reader sent in this: "A common transformation called the Canaanite Shift would account for the transformation from Abdon to Bedan in the text. See Merrill F. Unger, the New Unger's Bible Dictionary p. The note about Abdon being a Benjamite is significant since Samuel is setting up a comparison here between the new king Saul and the judges.

    1 Samuel: Bible Study Commentary

    In doing so, it is expected that Saul would meet or exceed the accomplishments of the judges, but sadly he fails. Q: In 1 Sam , is it a sin not to pray for some one? Yes, it is a sin not to pray for some one for which you should be praying. However, there were some cases where God specifically instructed Jeremiah not to pray for the disobedient Israelites.

    Q: In 1 Sam , what does the Hebrew say? The conservative Christian reference books Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties p. The NIV footnote says "thirty" is in the translation because a few late Septuagint manuscripts have "thirty". The Masoretic text we have says " Saul was Q: In 1 Sam , does the phrase "in his tent" mean the Israelites were still nomadic? A: It gives us a hint that many of the Israelites were nomadic.

    Probably the majority of the Israelites did not dwell in walled cities. Today many nomads prefer a tent to a house. A tent is also more convenient for moving when the sheep and cattle are moved between the wet season and the dry season. A: This was a scribal error in the Hebrew. The Greek Septuagint says 3, chariots. Philistines used chariots with two people. Q: In 1 Sam , how was Saul rejected from his dynasty reigning for all time, since the throne was prophesied to Judah in Gen ?

    A: While God can make conditional promises to people, God did not even make a conditional promise to Saul here. God informed Saul of what he lost by his disobedience. God had already planned on Saul freely choosing to disobey, and the later choice of David. The NKJV leaves the word pim untranslated, but says in a footnote that it is two-thirds of a shekel. Until this century, the Hebrew word here pim was not known elsewhere, so the translators of the King James Version and the New American Standard Bible could not have known what it meant. However, the New International Bible Dictionary p.

    Pim was a word that nobody would know what it meant for a 2, year period, yet the letters were translated accurately. Q: In 1 Sam , why did the Israelite soldiers not have any swords or spears, since they had to have weapons to defeat the Ammonites back in 1 Sam ? A: You can have many weapons without having swords or spears. Sword blades are made entirely out of metal, and spears all have metal spearheads.

    The point of 1 Samuel is that they did not have those kinds of metal weapons, because the Philistines held a monopoly on iron-smelting. If the Israelites had any swords or spears before, the Philistines would want to confiscate them to keep any Israelite uprising ineffective. The Israelites would still have sharp metal objects for farming, but in war they would be at a distinct disadvantage.

    However , the Israelites were not defenseless. They still had other weapons, such as: Axes 1 Samuel Battleaxes were one of the preferred weapons of Franks and Vikings Those would be needed on a farm, so the Philistines permitted those. Sharpened metal tips on farm implements such as scythes, pitchforks, and mattocks.

    Companion Bible, Appendix 19

    Daggers and various knives Judges Short swords, not long swords, were the preferred weapon of later Roman soldiers for close combat. Slings Judges ; 1 Samuel Ox-goads with metal tips Judges ; 1 Samuel Ox-goads could be up to feet long. Possibly hammers Judges Probably various clubs and sharpened wood poles. Probably few Israelites besides Jonathan used bows and arrows yet. In summary, the Israelites probably had an abundance of weapons and farm tools, but what they lacked were spears, swords, and other iron weapons besides those. Q: In 1 Sam , how was there such great trembling? A: The Philistines trembled with fear that only two albeit well-armed Hebrews killed twenty Philistine warriors.

    A minor earthquake happening at that time would tend to make them tremble with fear even more, suspecting that supernatural forces were against them. Q: In 1 Sam , why did God not answer the priests here? A: There are at least four points to observe here. Saul was rash in pronouncing the curse against any Israelite that ate that day. Saul probably did that so that no one would stop pursuing the Philistines and start looting, but his decree robbed them of strength for that day.

    God did not say "no", but rather did not answer, to see how far their rashness would carry them. It probably was better that they did not pursue the Philistines in their exhausted state, after not eating. God did not answer them because there was some unfinished business they had with God first. It was known to some that Jonathan had eaten honey. If that was not dealt with, people would take lightly things said to the Lord. After it was brought out in the open, and the army saw that it was not just for Jonathan to die, then they could go on. Q: In 1 Sam , was Jonathan being disrespectful here, saying the command of his father the king was wrong?

    A: On one hand, Jonathan's words were correct; Saul did make a mistake. As a commander in battle, it was fine to point out possible mistakes to his superior. If you read 1 Samuel , where Saul promises he will kill Jonathan that day, perhaps Asimov is correct here. Q: In 1 Sam ,43, why were all the Israelite soldiers not executed, since they ate meat with blood? One did not have to microscopically drain every drop, but Leviticus indicates all they had to do was simply drain the blood in the field prior to eating.

    However, 1 Samuel clearly indicates that at first the hungry Israelite soldiers did not even do that like they were supposed to do. Samuel did not approve of their actions. Saul wanted to put anyone to death, even his own son Jonathan, for breaking his own rule he made that day.

    In the three thousand years since this was written, has anything really changed? Q: In 1 Sam ,43, what other lessons can we learn for today? A: There are at least two lessons we can learn. There can be extenuating circumstances that lighten or remove a temporal punishment for breaking a law of God or law of the land. Romans and also show this. A: We can see three reasons why God gave this command to Saul. The Israelites were commanded by God to kill all the inhabitants of Canaan, and the Amalekites lived, at least in part, in Canaan. There was an ancient and continuing hostility between them and the Israelites.

    Before coming to Canaan, the Amalekites attacked the Israelites without provocation, and ambushed various groups of them. It is curious that Saul had it appear he was willing to kill his own son because of his oath in 1 Samuel , yet Saul was not willing to kill all the Amalekites. A: The word can also be translated "grieved. Jeremiah goes into detail on this. Also see the discussion on Genesis ,6, When Critics Ask p.

    Q: In 1 Sam , why was Samuel "grieved all night"? A: It was not that they should never have a king, but they should not have insisted on a king like the other nations instead of God. Finally, when they got a king, they got a king who took obedience to God lightly and obeyed in a half-hearted way. A: Since they would benefit from the plunder, others could claim that obeying God was only a pretense, claiming the war was really for plunder. Q: In 1 Sam , why is obedience better than sacrifice?

    A: The sacrifice of an obedient believer is precious to God. However, sacrifices done out of a heart that is not willing to submit to God cannot really demonstrate genuine submission to God. Serving under God is not better than obedience to God. The Amalekites did not fear God, but apparently neither did Saul.

    In a similar way, Paul soberly warns us in 1 Corinthians that if we give away all we have and are burned to death for the Christian faith, yet we do not have love, our sacrifice is of no benefit. Q: In 1 Sam , how is arrogance like the evil of idolatry? A: Arrogance is assuming for yourself or others a place that belongs to some one else. Idolatry is the height of arrogance. A person assumes, for himself or his idol, a place that belongs to God, who created Him. We should worship nothing or no one except for God. A: Samuel apparently did not expect Saul to step down immediately.

    However, when David was anointed as king, Saul was not asked to step down, perhaps because it was certain he would not be obedient and do so. An important point is that David was honoring of Saul anyway. A: See the discussion on Genesis and Genesis for the answer. A: Later than what? It does not say how much time passed before David came to Jerusalem, and it does not say that nothing else happened in between these events. It is easy to make mistakes if one reads details into 1 Samuel that are not there.

    Assuming it means the first way, in 1 Samuel , while Saul was on his way to hunt down and kill David, God caused Saul to lose control and prophesy. That he lost control is evidenced not just by stripping off his robes, but by laying that way on the road to David and Samuel in Ramah all that day and night.

    Saul was definitely out of it. Assuming it means the second way, Samuel never again went to see Saul. But if that is true, then what about the witch of Endor incident in 1 Samuel ? This might not have been Samuel, but a demon impersonating Samuel. However, even if it were Samuel, 1 Samuel only says Saul would not see Samuel's face again "until the day Samuel died". Q: In 1 Sam , why did God command Samuel to mislead people? A: Concealing something and lying are not the same. Every time you leave your house and leave the lights on, you might be misleading would-be burglars, but you are not sinning by lying.

    Lying is knowingly saying something that is untrue. Samuel never lied, and God never commanded Samuel to lie. God did instruct Samuel to not tell all the truth. That is OK. When some one would do evil by killing you if you told everything you know, then do not tell everything you know. Samuel was told to do two things: 1 offer a sacrifice at Bethlehem 2 anoint a new king Samuel told others he was going to do the first, but Samuel did not tell people he also was going to do the second.

    In similar situations today, believers can do the same. Q: In 1 Sam , why did the elders of Bethlehem ask Samuel if he came in peace? A: Samuel was the Hebrew most responsible for the victory over the Philistines at Gibeah in 1 Samuel God supernaturally helped the Israelites while Samuel was offering a sacrifice.

    Since Samuel was coming to Bethlehem to offer a sacrifice, the elders might be apprehensive about what was going to happen this time. Q: Prior to 1 Sam and the time of Saul, is the tribe of Judah so much ignored in the Bible that there is strong suspicion that it was not considered a part of Israel up to that time, as the skeptical Asimov's Guide to the Bible p.

    A: No, here are the facts: In Judges chapters 1 to 18, here are the number of times each tribe is mentioned: Judah 16 times Judges ,3,4,8,9,16,17,18,19; ; ,11; 2x , 9, 12 Simeon 2 times Judges ,17 Ephraim 24 times Judges ; ; ; ; ; 2x ,2; ,9; ; 3x , 3x , ,15; ,8; ,12 Joseph 2 times Judges ,35 Manasseh 5 times Judges ; ,35; ; Benjamin 4 times Judges ; ; ; Asher 4 times Judges ; ; ; Zebulun 7 times Judges ; ,10; ,18; ; Issachar 2 times Judges 2x Dan 10 times Judges ; ; ,25; ,2,11,12,16,22 Levite 5 times Judges ,11,12; ,15 Naphtali 8 times Judges 2x ; ,7,10; ; ; Gilead 2 times Judges ,17 Makir 1 time Judges Reuben 2 times Judges ,16 The rest of Judges primarily concerns Benjamin, but here are the numbers for that.

    It was mentioned more than any other tribe except Ephraim. Q: In 1 Sam , what were the names of David's brothers and sisters? A: Their names are given in 1 Chronicles A: There are two different answers. Seven: 1 Samuel has more copyist errors than most other Old Testament books, and this could be a copyist error in 1 Samuel. Eight: This might be a copyist error in 1 Chronicles. The Syriac of 1 Chronicles lists both Eliab and Elihu as sons, which makes eight sons. Childhood death: In ancient times children often died before reaching adulthood.

    Thus Jesse had eight sons, but only seven adult sons. When Critics Ask p. See also Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties p. A: In Hebrew, "evil" has two meanings: 1 moral evil and 2 something that is hurtful or harmful. The second meaning is intended here. Whether God sent an angel to punish Saul, or whether God allowed a demon to torment Saul, either way, this was expressly permitted by God.

    Muslims should not be surprised that the term "evil" can mean harm, and not just moral evil. The term is used in this way in their own writings, in the Bukhari Hadith volume 3 book 29 ch. A: There is no reason David could not have been the armor bearer before fighting Goliath. Since there is nothing saying 1 Samuel 17 was after David being armor bearer, and there is no requirement that a truthful account be in strict chronological order when it does not claim to be so, David could have been armor bearer either before or after this.

    Q: In 1 Sam , how tall was Goliath? A: The Masoretic text says six cubits and a span, or roughly 9 feet 9 inches. However, both the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Septuagint say four cubits and a span, which would be roughly 6 feet, 9 inches, which is still rather tall. Some people grow very tall if they have a genetic disorder causing the pituitary gland to provide too much Human Growth Hormone HGH. Regardless of whether he was the size of a professional basketball player or even taller, he would be menacing to a young teenage boy.

    As a side note, modern people are significantly taller than ancient people, and scientists are not sure why. One mistaken view was that since Americans eat animals that have been given drugs that make them grow larger, people are larger. The problem with the view is that European farmers must obey laws against using these drugs. Europeans today are as tall as Americans today.

    A: A coat of mail is a heavy suit of armor. For reference, armor for knights in the Middle Ages weighed over pounds. Q: In 1 Sam , what are "greaves"? A: Greaves are armor for the lower legs. Q: In 1 Sam KJV , what does it mean that "the man went among men for italicized an old man in the days of Saul"?

    A: This rather unusual wording means that in the reign of King Saul, Jesse was an elderly man. A: This does not mean cart or other horse-drawn vehicle. Q: In 1 Sam , why did Eliab consider David proud and naughty? Apparently, Samuel anointing David as king did not leave much of an impression on Eliab. Today, people can sometimes falsely think you are bad, if you do not conform to the status and position to which they judge that you should conform. A: David did. See the discussion on 2 Samuel for the answer. Q: In 1 Sam , why did Goliath fall facedown, instead of backward, when hit on the forehead?

    A: While he could have fallen either way, a person might be more likely to fall backward, if they had no armor. But since Goliath was covered with armor, and the metal would be covering the front but not necessarily all of the back, and if he was holding a sword in front, or perhaps a small shield also, his center of gravity would be forward.

    Q: In 1 Sam , why did Saul apparently ask who David was? A: Saul did not ask who David was. David said that he was the son of Jesse the Bethlehemite. See also the next question. A: There are four possible answers. Saul had never met David: David might have been the armor bearer before he killed Goliath. There is no necessity that 1 Samuel and 1 Samuel are in chronological order. See the discussion on 1 Samuel for more info on this possibility. Saul forgot: Being an armor bearer was a great honor for a young teen, and perhaps Saul had a number of boys be armor bearer at least once.

    Saul might not have remembered David at all. Saul knew David well: As the answer to the previous question shows, Saul did not ask who David was. Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties p. Q: In 1 Sam , did David and Jonathan have homosexual feelings, as some homosexuals have claimed? People can have strong feelings of friendship without there being a romantic relationship involved. In the New Testament, Jesus taught as the second greatest commandment that we are to love our neighbors as ourselves. In college, there were a few guys who apparently had no use for girls except for dating and marriage.

    Either they had romantic feelings for a particular girl or they had no feelings whatsoever. I have heard some guys say that girls are impossible to figure out. Perhaps one reason is that a girl might not want any kind of romantic relationship with a guy, but she still wants to be around him as a friend. Some guys just cannot figure that out. Perhaps some homosexuals who are sure that David and Jonathan are homosexuals have reached a similar point. Either they have romantic feelings toward a guy, or they have no feelings whatsoever.

    When Cultists Ask p. Q: In 1 Sam , why was Saul against David? A: For a variety of reasons. Jealousy after the women praised David more than Saul 1 Samuel An evil spirit was in Saul 1 Samuel David acted very wisely 1 Samuel Israel and Judah loved David 1 Samuel Saul wanted to protect his power base. David had the reputation, support of the people, support of God, and wisdom to be a king. Protect "his" kingdom, so that it would pass to his descendents 1 Samuel Q: In 1 Sam , why was Saul insistent on David marrying one of his daughters?

    A: 1 Samuel ,21 says that Saul wanted one of his daughters to be a snare to David, and a secondary cause of his death. In other words, Saul would ask David to kill a large number of Philistines to marry one of his daughters, and David would die in battle. In addition, Saul promised that the slayer of Goliath would be his son-in-law in 1 Samuel Q: In 1 Sam , what is interesting about the structure of this passage? A: It is a Hebrew literary device, found often in the Bible, called a chiasm.

    Each "topic" is paralleled by another topic. Saul is pleased Michal is in love with David v. Q: In 1 Sam , what is Saul saying? A: This can be taken two ways. Regardless of the "force" Saul put in his words, Saul was really wanting David to become his son-in-law. Q: In 1 Sam , was Saul somewhat grisly with his request to David? A: In cultures of that time it was not uncommon to bring back "trophies" of the dead enemies. Also on the walls was what appears to be a pile of foreskins when Rameses III drove them out of Egypt.

    A: 1 Samuel does not actually say the idol was in the house before. While there might have been an idol in the house where they were living, Michal might have got the statue from somewhere else that day to put it in the bed. By the use of the idol in the ruse, Michal did not show any respect for it as an object of worship. Q: In 1 Sam ,17, was Michal right to lie twice for David? Christians disagree on whether or not it is right to lie to people who want to do evil, when lying saves a life. Q: In 1 Sam , did Michal lie a second time, or did David really threaten to kill her?

    A: Michal lied twice for David. Q: In 1 Sam , how could Saul prophesy? A: Saul was not a very godly man at this point. We may attempt to "require" God to only let his prophecies come to upstanding, godly people, but God is not constrained to fitting within the box of our expectations. A: Not necessarily. The purpose of the spirit here was to immobilize them from coming to take David. Q: In 1 Sam , why did God have Saul take off all his royal robes and lay there naked, which was very undignified?

    A: The Wycliffe Bible Dictionary p. Q: In 1 Sam , was David right to tell Jonathan to lie for him? A: See the discussion on 1 Samuel for the answer. Q: In 1 Sam , why did Jonathan work out such a complex way of communicating with David? A: They wanted their communication to be secret in case they were watched, including by any of the many servants. Once the boy left in 1 Samuel , the "communication system" was unnecessary. However, Jonathan and David did not know beforehand if their system was going to be necessary or not.

    Saul could have had the boy or some one else tail Jonathan. Regardless of whether Jonathan could get the boy to leave, Jonathan wanted to be certain he could communicated secretly with David without suspicion. Sometimes for a "mission critical" task, instead of using a simple way that has a fairly good chance of working, it is better also to have prepared a more complicated or time-consuming method that is almost certain to succeed. The Wycliffe Bible Dictionary pronounces these the same, except that that in Ahimelech the first a has a dot over it and the i is long.

    Q: In 1 Sam , did David deliberately mislead Ahimelech, a fellow believer? A: Yes, but three points to consider in the answer. Ephesians says we are to put off falsehood and speak truthfully to one another. Of course, Ephesians was not written in David's time. On several occasions David apparently felt it was right to lie in situations of war or of life and death. Some Christians today, such as R. Sproul agree with this, and other Christians disagree. Thus everything David said was not necessarily true.

    When David said the king King? Thus when David said the bread was for his companions, his statement might have been true or it might have been false. Of course, this attempt failed, as Ahimelech was killed soon after this. Q: In 1 Sam , was David right to lie to a godly man, Ahimelech?

    Regardless of how you view lying to an evil enemy, David should not have lied to his godly friend. David did not lie about the men with him, since David was going to where his men were stationed. The "men who were with David'" are not men physically present that second, but the men who sided with David that David was on his way to join. Summary: Even though David probably was truthful in saying he was getting bread for the men, he did mislead in saying the king Saul commissioned him.

    When Jesus refers to David taking the bread, Jesus said the taking the bread of the priests was OK under the circumstances, but Jesus did not say the lying was OK. Q: In 1 Sam , was David right to eat the showbread? A: David was right to use the showbread, because Jesus said so in Mark and Luke This man went up from his city : According to the Law of Moses, Israelites could not worship God through sacrifice at any time and in any way they pleased. They were to bring sacrifices to the tabernacle and the priests, which at this time were at Shiloh.

    Also the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there : These priests are mentioned by name because they were known as notoriously wicked priests 1 Samuel , Their mention here shows how godly Elkanah was. Even though the priests were wicked, he still offered sacrifices to the LORD, knowing that the wickedness of the priest did not make his own service to the LORD invalid.

    He would give portions : As Elkanah brought his family each year to the tabernacle for sacrifice he ate a ceremonial meal at the tabernacle with his family, giving portions to his wives and their children. He showed his favor and love to Hannah by giving her a double portion.

    She wept and did not eat : Because of the conflict between the two wives, Hannah could not enjoy this display of love and favor from Elkanah. It is possible for problems at home to make your time at the house of God miserable. God used the trial of a closed womb to accomplish something great in her life and to further the whole plan of salvation. Even though things were hard God was still in charge. It seems strange that Peninnah who seems of a bad character was blessed with children and Hannah who seems of a good character was cursed with barrenness.

    Why do you not eat? And why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons? And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the LORD and wept in anguish. Hannah, why do you weep? He did not recognize that she had needs he could not fulfill such as the desire to be a mother. Prayed to the LORD : Hannah was in bitterness of soul and great anguish , yet she did the right thing. Hannah took those bitter and anguished feelings to God honestly in prayer. According to Numbers 6, the vow of a Nazirite included the following:. Also, this showed that the Nazirite had greater concerns than the ordinary joys and sorrows of life.

    Samuel and Samson Judges were unique because they were Nazirites from birth. I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life : The child was already dedicated as a Levite because God regarded the tribe of Levi as His own special possession. Hannah took something that already belonged to the LORD and gave it again to Him in a greater way — for the whole life, and in the dedication of a Nazirite, which was a greater consecration than a Levite. Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard.

    Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. Put your wine away from you! Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard : It is often good to pray aloud, because it can help us to better focus our thoughts. Effective prayer can be silent and in the heart. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD. She would explain herself, but she did it remembering that he was her high priest. Instead of keeping the bitterness of soul and the anguish in her heart, she poured it out of her soul before the LORD.